Inca Rite Warachikuy Dexterity, risk and value
- Rites of Inca Skill
- Evocation and Staging
- Sunday September 21th 2014
- Saqsaywaman Esplanade 10:00 to 13:00 hours
WARACHIKUY 2014 SCRIPT
Entrance of the Young Nobles from the Four Suyus
The imperial armies of each Suyu will gather at the Inca sanctuary of Saqsaywaman, led by the Qollana (military chief), carrying their standards and weapons and raising the battle-cry “Hailliy!” (“Triumph”). The armies arrive trotting from each of their camps located in the city of Cusco.
ANTISUYU: Leave from their camp at the National College of Sciences in Plaza San Francisco.
KONTISUYU: Leave from Cusco’s Plaza de Armas.
CHINCHAYSUYU: Emerge from their camp at the Temple of Qoricancha.
QOLLASUYU: Leave from the Rimaqpampa Plaza.
Qhaswa Tusuy (Joy, Celebration, Festivity)
Meanwhile, the celebrations begin at Saqsaywaman, with folkloric dances from the region performed by primary level students of the National College of Sciences, winners of the Traditional Anniversary Parade celebrated on August 20th each year.
This presentation is the prelude to the arrival of the imperial armies and the young competitors. The public seated in the grandstand and the ruins of Saqsaywaman are about to live the experience of Warachikuy.
Arrival of Imperial Army and Ritual Offerings
The conch shell players appear on the upper parts of the battlements of Saqsaywaman and the Harawiq, or musicians, arrive playing Wayllillas to the rhythm of the arriving generals who accompany the great Waman Sonqo (Inca’s Aide), who orders the entrance of the imperial armies of the Four Suyus.
The standards emerge carried by warriors of the Inkásiko army located on the battlements of Saqsaywaman, who perform a spectacular and beautiful choreography with their Wiphalas (flags of Tawantinsuyu), which flutter on the highest parts of the ruins, held by 500 Inca sentinels.
The imperial armies enter showing impressive discipline, in formation and at a trot. They take up their positions around the Usnu, where the Inca and his court are located. Meanwhile, the Pichaqkunas enter, cleansing of its impurities the route the Inca will take. Then the T’ikatakas arrive, as do the Ñustas and Aqllas carrying the Waras and presided over by the Qoya (Inca princess) and they arrange themselves in the central part of the base of the lower battlements, opening a path for the Inca’s arrival.
Preceded by the songs of the panacas, the Inca and his royal entourage arrive and are received reverently by their kneeling subjects. The Inca is carried in a litter to the first battlements, which he enters through the doorway before ascending the imperial platform, or Usnu.
Inca’s Salute and Veneration of the Sun
The Sun is greeted in silence. As the Father Sun appears the Inca is bathed in its first rays. The Inca shows his veneration of the Inti Tayta. Then the Inca, his court, the armies and the people sing the Inti Taki (Hymn to the Sun) in the language of the Incas (Qhapaqsimi).
Chicha Rite (Sacred corn drink)
It is now time to offer the deity the sacred drink of the Sun God. The Inca raises a gold vessel filled with chicha in a show of reverence for the Festival of Warachikuy and before drinking it with his generals and priests he pours some out for Pachamama (the goddess of the earth) in thanks for the fruits of the earth that sustain the people of Tawantinsuyu.
Rite of the Llama T’ikallisqa (the llama is venerated in the Andes)
A flock of black llamas is led to the Usnu, where their ears are pierced and decorated with finely-woven wool ribbons in the seven colours of Tawantinsuyu to ask the sacred mountain gods, or Apus, and Mother Earth (Pachamama) to maintain the reproduction of the flocks that provide sustenance and clothing and for the Warachikuy competition to be a success.
Rite of the Nina Kausacheq (Sacred Fire)
The Willaq Uma takes the golden bracelet, or chipana, and points it towards Chinchaysuyu, so that the Sun God will concentrate all it power. As the chipana is burned there is rejoicing for this is a sign of renewed faith in the Inca. The sacred fire obtained is given to the Aqllas Willkaninas, who dance to distribute the fire to the Four Suyus.
Amaru Warrior Dance
As preparations are made for the first test the Waris dance is performed. This was created by Manco Qhapaq when he emerged from the Qhapaq T’oko. The great rope known as Muru Urku was taken from the Temple of the Sun. It was very long and made from four colours: black, white, red and tan. The dance consists of the men holding one end of the rope and the women the other as they move the rope like a huge serpent and at the end of the dance the rope is coiled.
The Inca gives his final message, wishing for the success of each competitor and handing over control of the events to the Q’ollanas and the Amaru, presided over by the Khipukamayuq. He then orders the games to begin.
CHASKI WATAMANTA MARATHON (The year’s fastest Inca messenger)
From the Tampu T’oqo (provisioning centre for the Inca) on the hill known as Wanakauri on the outskirts of the city of Cusco, the competitors from the Four Suyus begin a marathon test of endurance and speed as far as Saqsaywaman, a distance of seven kilometres.
TEST OF SPEED WITH OBSTACLES
Almost simultaneously the young competitors will compete in a 500 metre foot race over difficult terrain around the esplanade of Saqsaywaman.
TEST OF STRENGTH
On a line traced with fire the competitors throw ropes from both sides. The winners are those who manage to make their opponents pass across the fire.
Kuntur Warrior Dance (Sacred Condor)
This warrior dance comes from Kuntisuyus. The dancers emulate the movements of the sacred condor.
TEST OF ENDURANCEThe competitors suspended high up, must endure until they have made their opponents fall.
TEST OF ENDURANCE
Acrobatics in a circle of fire.
A warrior dance interpreted by the Qollasuyus. The principal characteristic of this dance is the Yawar Mayu, or “river of blood” and it is a show of courage.
TEST OF DANGER
Crossing of parallel ropes over a fire.
With lances and bows and arrows the natives of the Lower Urubamba demonstrate their marksmanship.
Puma Tusuy Dance
The Chinchaysuyus impersonate the puma, showing their agility and ferocity with catlike leaps. The dancers are decorated with ear pieces and gold teeth and wear chipana on their feet.
TEST OF COURAGE
Climbing ability and skill crossing hanging bridges.
Q’ara Ch’uncho Warrior Dance
While the armies prepare for battle, the warrior dance of the Antisuyus of the people of the Lower Urubamba River is performed.
Part FiveTAQANAKUY TEST
The warriors of Hanan Qosqo and Hurin Qosqo challenge each other to fierce hand-to-hand combat.Battle Scene INKA PAQ’AREQ
Afterwards they face each other in combat with their warakas (slingshots), firing from a distance, until the Inca declares an end to hostilities.
Solemn Act of Graduation and the Awarding of the Wara and Champi
The victors, to affirm their triumph and to gain the respect of their fellows, receive from the Inca himself the Wara and the Champi, the insignia of the Inca and the true sons of the Sun God.
Finally, the Inca and his court give thanks to the Sun God Inti Tayta for his blessing of the rites of Warachikuy and they leave accompanied by their generals and the victorious warriors to the music of the conch shells and the cry of “Hailliy mosoq inkakuna… q'ochorikuychis!” (“Young Incas… Enjoy your triumphs!”)